Life in United Kingdom (UK)
United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign nation in Western Europe. It is a combination of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The UK has a diverse culture and a long and rich history. The UK is a member of the European Union and the United Nations, among other international organizations. The country enjoys a strong economy and a high standard of living. English is the official language, and the currency is the British pound. More than 68 million people make up the population of the nation.
The United Kingdom has a diverse culture with a mix of traditional and modern customs. The UK has a strong education system and is home to several prestigious universities. Overall, life in the UK can be fast-paced and exciting, with plenty of opportunities to experience different cultures and enjoy the arts, while also enjoying the many benefits of living in a modern, developed country.
Climate in UK
The climate in the United Kingdom (UK) is a temperate maritime climate, meaning it has mild winters and cool summers. The UK has a relatively consistent temperature throughout the year, with average high temperatures ranging from around 8-15°C (46-59°F) and average low temperatures ranging from 2-8°C (36-46°F).
The country experiences a relatively high amount of rainfall and a moderate amount of sunshine throughout the year. It's worth noting that UK's weather is variable and this is what makes the UK's weather so interesting and unique..
Studying in United Kingdom
The United Kingdom has a strong education system with a long history of academic excellence. Also, the extensive range of undergraduate and graduate programs signifies broadened career choices, leading to further advancement in your persona. The Institutions in the UK also offer traditional academic disciplines, as well as vocational and professional programs.
The UK is home to some of the world's most prestigious universities, many of which are consistently ranked among the best in the world. The highest ranked region for education in United Kingdom is Greater London, followed by the South East of England and Scotland. Additionally, the UK Council for International Student Affairs (UKCISA) stated that over 442,000 international students were studying in the United Kingdom in the 2019-2020 academic year. International students from China, followed by India, the United States, and Nigeria usually prefer studying in United Kingdom.
Additionally, the country presents high-quality teaching and research programs, a strong economy, and a wide range of career opportunities. As a result, a degree from a UK university is recognized and respected around the world, which turns out to be a major advantage. Thus, students can attain plenty of research and work opportunities in the UK. To end with, the UK is an English-speaking country, and studying in the UK can be a great way to improve your English language.
Types of Educational Institutions
The United Kingdom (UK) has a diverse education system with a range of different types of educational institutions. Here are some of the main types of educational institutions in the UK-
- Primary schools: These are schools for children aged 4 to 11.
- Secondary schools: These are schools for children aged 11 to 16 or 18, depending on the type of school.
- Further education colleges: These are colleges that offer vocational and academic courses for students aged 16 and above.
- Higher education institutions: These include universities and other institutions that offer undergraduate and postgraduate degrees.
- Special schools: These are schools that cater to children with special educational needs, such as those with physical or mental disabilities.
- Private schools: These are independent, fee-paying schools that are not funded by the government.
- International schools: These are schools that offer education to emigrant children.
Top Universities in UK
The United Kingdom (UK) is home to many prestigious universities, and many of them are consistently ranked among the best in the world. Consistently ranked as one of the top universities in the world, the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, Imperial College London, University College London (UCL), and the University of Edinburgh are renowned for their academic excellence and world-class research.
Some of the other reputed universities in the world, for instance, include the University of Warwick, the University of Manchester, King's College London, and so on. As of QS World Rankings 2023, some of the top institutions of the UK are mentioned below-
|Name of the institution
|University of Oxford
|University of Cambridge
|UCL University College London
|Imperial College London
|University of Edinburgh
|University of Manchester
|King's College London
|University of Leeds
|University of Nottingham
|University of Warwick
These are just a few of the many highly-ranked universities in the UK. It's worth noting that ranking can vary depending on the source and criteria used, but all of these universities are considered among the best in the world and offer a high-quality education.
Advantages of studying in UK
There are many advantages to studying in the United Kingdom (UK). Some of the main benefits include:
- UK houses, the global ranking universities - the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge- consistently ranked on top.
- 30% of UK university research is classified as 'world-leading' and 46% as 'internationally excellent' by the Research Excellence Framework (REF).
- Some of the most popular fields of study for international students in the UK are business and management, engineering, and computer science.
- The UK is a diverse and multicultural country, offering students the opportunity to learn from and interact with people from all over the world.
- With easy access to Europe and other parts of the world, studying in the UK provides students with the opportunity to travel and explore different cultures during their time off.
- UK universities and colleges have a strong alumni network, which can be useful for students looking to build professional connections and find job opportunities after graduation.
Medium of Instruction in Hungary
Hungarian Universities offer plenty of Bachelor-level and Master-level degree programs in English language. Certainly, the universities aim at providing ease to international students and thus deliver an extensive range of English taught programs. Studying abroad not only enables students to gain international exposure in terms of education to organizational skills but also helps them become skilled and achieve market-level competence.
Top courses in UK
The top study programs for international students in the UK vary depending on the student's interests and career goals, but some popular programs include:
- Business and management:
- Computer Science
- Art and Design
- Natural Sciences
- Humanities and Social Sciences
These are just a few examples of popular study programs for international students in the UK, and there are many other fields of study available as well.
Cost of Study in UK
The cost of studying in the UK for Indian students can vary depending on several factors, including the type of institution, the level of study, and the location of the institution.
|Average Tuition Fee (in UK)
|£15,000 to £35,000 per year
|£10,000 to £30,000 per year
It's important to note that these are just estimates and actual costs may vary depending on individual circumstances. Additionally, it's important to check with the institutions directly to get an accurate cost estimate.
The program intakes for admission to universities in the UK can vary depending on the institution and the field of study. However, some common intake dates include:
- September intake: The most common intake for undergraduate and graduate programs in the UK. Most universities begin their academic year in September and applications are usually due in the preceding January or February.
- January intake: Some universities also offer a January intake for certain programs, particularly graduate programs. Applications for January intake are usually due in the preceding September or October.
- Summer intake: A few universities offer summer intake for certain programs, especially for short-term study or for continuing education.
- Rolling admissions: Some universities have rolling admissions, which means that they accept applications throughout the year and review them on a first-come, first-served basis.
It's important to note that these are just general guidelines and actual intake dates and application deadlines can vary depending on the institution and the program. It's best to check directly with the university or institution you are interested in applying to for specific intake dates and application deadlines.
Scholarships in UK
In the United Kingdom, international students can avail of several scholarship programs. It's best to check with the university or institution you are interested in applying to for specific scholarship opportunities. Some of the scholarships in UK are given below-
- Chevening Scholarships
- Commonwealth Scholarships
- British Council IELTS Awards
- University-specific scholarships
- Charitable trust scholarships
- Professional body scholarships
Eligibility Criteria for Admission
The eligibility criteria for admission to universities in the UK for international students can vary depending on the institution and the program. However, Eligibility Criteria for admission to universities for international students in UK are as follows:
- Transcripts or records of grades (high school or university)
- Resume/ CV
- Proof of English-language proficiency such as IELTS, TOEFL, PTE or CAE.
- Motivation letter or statement of purpose.
- Application fee
- Test scores like SAT, ACT, GRE, or GMAT
Note that these are just general guidelines and actual admission requirements can vary depending on the institution and the program. It's best to check with the university or institution you are interested in applying to for specific admission requirements.
Visa Processing in UK
The processing time for a visa application in the United Kingdom can vary depending on the type of visa and the individual circumstances of the applicant. Generally, the UK government's official website states that most visa applications are processed within 3 weeks, but some can take longer. It is recommended to apply for a visa well in advance of your intended travel date to allow for any unexpected delays in processing.
Post-Study Work Visa (PSWV)
The United Kingdom offers a Post-Study Work Visa, which allows international students to stay and work in the country for a certain period after completion of their studies in the UK (graduation). The length of the visa varies depending on the level of study completed, with graduates and undergraduates typically eligible for a two-year visa, and Ph.D. graduates eligible for a three-year visa. To be eligible for the visa, students must have completed a course of study at a recognized UK institution, and have sufficient funds to support themselves without needing to rely on public funds. Additionally, the student should be able to find a job to support themselves.
Hostel and Accommodation in UK
Accommodation costs are one of the biggest expenses for students, with average rents ranging from £500 to £1,200 per month for a private room in a shared apartment or house. Usually, students can also opt for university-provided accommodation, which is typically less expensive, but may have limited availability. It's also important to note that accommodation costs can vary widely depending on location, with London being typically more expensive than other cities. It's a good idea to plan and research the different options available in the area where you'll be studying or staying.
Several options for accommodation in the United Kingdom are available including hostels, dormitories, and private rentals. University Hostels and Dormitories are budget-friendly options for students and are typically offered with shared bathrooms and communal spaces. These are usually single or shared rooms and may include amenities like a common room and laundry facilities. Private apartments are also a popular option for students and may be rented on a short-term or long-term basis.
Cost of Living
The cost of living in the United Kingdom can vary depending on location, lifestyle, and personal circumstances. However, international students can expect to pay an average of £1,000- £1,500 per month for living expenses, including accommodation, food, transportation, and other necessities. This can be higher in cities like London, which has a more expensive cost of living.
Certainly, international students also need to budget for other expenses such as books, travel, and insurance. It's also worth noting that students from outside of the EU may be subject to additional costs such as visa fees. To conclude, the cost of living in the UK can also vary depending on the location of the institution. On average, international students can expect to pay around £8,000 to £12,000 per year for accommodation, food, and other expenses..
Part time Jobs
In the United Kingdom, if an international student plans to work while studying, he/she can take up a part-time job as a side hustle, as long as they are enrolled in a full-time course at an accredited institution. The number of hours they can work may be limited by their visa restrictions. Some popular part-time job options for international students include working as a teaching assistant, library assistant, or retail associate. Many universities also have job listings specifically for students on their websites, and students can also find part-time job opportunities through job search websites or by networking with other students and professionals in their field.
Along with your studies, students can work in a part-time job, internship or placement and develop valuable skills, which will be supplementary for your CV. Your university may assist in providing placement after your studies.
International students can search for job opportunities in their field of study or industry of interest, some popular job search websites include LinkedIn, Glassdoor, Indeed, etc. Networking with alumni, professors, and professionals in their field can also help find job opportunities. After completing their studies in the UK, international students have several job opportunities available to them.
Assortment of job opportunities for international students in the UK include:
- On-campus Part-time jobs: Many universities offer on-campus jobs, such as working in the library, as a teaching assistant, or in the campus bookstore.
- Retail and hospitality jobs: These jobs include working in shops, restaurants, and hotels. They are often flexible and can work around students' class schedules.
- Internships: Many UK companies offer internships to international students. These can be a great way to gain experience and make connections in your field.
- Self-employment: International students are also allowed to start their businesses while in the UK.
- Freelancing and Online jobs: With the current situation, there are a lot of opportunities to work remotely, and international students are not left out of that.
Above all, some UK companies have graduate schemes specifically for international students. These are often highly competitive and require a strong academic record. It's important to check with a UK visa and immigration for more information about working as an international student.
You can refer to the table below to gain insight into the preferred job roles, and Average Salaries offered in the United Kingdom
|Preferred Job Roles in UK
|Average Salaries (Per Year)
|Allied Healthcare Professional
|Finance / Investment / Accounting Manager
|Hospitality / Tourism
Study in UK vs Study in Europe
Studying in the UK and studying in Europe both have their unique advantages and disadvantages. Some factors to consider when comparing the two include:
- Tuition fees: Tuition fees in the UK are generally higher than in many European countries. However, some European countries have free or low-cost tuition for EU students, while international students may face higher fees.
- Educational system: The United Kingdom has its distinct education system and culture, separate from other European countries. European countries, on the other hand, have a diverse range of education systems and cultures within the continent.
- Degree Recognition: UK degrees are widely recognized and respected around the world, while degrees from some European countries may not be as well-known internationally.
- Language: The primary language of instruction in the UK is English, while in Europe it can vary depending on the country and the institution.
- Culture and lifestyle: The UK has a diverse and multicultural society, while European countries offer a variety of cultures and lifestyles.
- Job opportunities: The UK has a strong economy and job market, while job opportunities in Europe can vary depending on the country and the industry.
- Visa and immigration: The UK has a more complicated and costly visa process for international students than many European countries, while some European countries offer study opportunities through the European Union's free movement policy.
Ultimately, the decision of where to study will depend on individual preferences, career aspirations, and financial considerations. It's a good idea to research and compare the specific universities and programs of interest in both the UK and Europe to make the best decision for you.