Process for MBBS Admission 2022

MBBS In India


The Govt of India has restructured the entire Medical Education system in India which was very essential to bring uniformity. So, as a part of this revamping, the NEET UG Exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) replaced the former AIPMT exam in 2017. It took almost 5 years of hearings of multiple petitions by the Supreme Court to eventually scrap off the AIPMT exam. Currently, the aspirants get the seats in medical colleges for MBBS and Dental on the basis of his/her rank in the NEET UG exam. 


1. Medical Colleges & MBBS Seats Availability
2. MBBS Seats Trends (last 5 Years)
3. Fee Structure of MBBS Colleges
5. All India Counseling 2022
6. State Counseling 2022
7. NEET UG Exam Pattern 2022
8. NEET-UG Exam Dates 2022
9. Your Chance to Get a MBBS Seat
10. Medical PG in India(NExT)
11. Medical PG IN USA (USMLE)
12. Medical PG in UK (PLAB)
13. Medical PG in GERMANY

Medical Colleges and MBBS Seats Availability

Currently, there are more than 607 Indian medical colleges in India. Among these, 306 are Government medical colleges, and the remaining 301 are private Medical Colleges. In these colleges, total seats for Academic Year 2022-2023 are more than 91000, if we further bifurcate, 45 thousands seats are held by the government medical colleges and the remaining 46 thousands seats in private medical colleges. In the last 10 years solely, 250 medical colleges in India have been established which account for nearly 40% of the total Medical Colleges. Karnataka has the highest count of MBBS seats among all Indian states with 9345 MBBS seats followed by Maharashtra (9000), Tamil Nadu (8000), and so on. You can refer the table given below for detailed information:

Name Of State / Union Territory Total MBBS Colleges Total MBBS Seats
Govt Private Total Govt Private Total
Andaman And Nicobar Islands 1 - 1 100   100
Andhra Pradesh 13 18 31 2410 2800 5210
Arunachal Pradesh 1 - 1 50 - 50
Assam 7 - 7 1000 - 1000
Bihar 11 6 17 1390 750 2140
Chandigarh 1 - 1 150 - 150
Chattisgarh 7 3 10 895 450 1345
Dadra And Nagar Haveli 1 - 1 150 - 150
Daman And Diu - - - - - -
Delhi 8 2 10 1222 200 1422
Goa 1 - 1 180 - 180
Gujarat 17 13 30 3550 2000 5650
Haryana 5 7 12 710 950 1660
Himachal Pradesh 6 1 7 720 150 870
Jammu And Kashmir 8 1 9 985 100 1085
Jharkhand 7 1 8 630 150 780
Karnataka 19 41 60 2900 6445 9345
Kerala 10 21 31 1555 2550 4105
Lakshadweep - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 14 9 23 2135 1450 3585
Maharashtra 26 31 57 4430 4570 9000
Manipur 2 - 2 225 - 225
Meghalaya 1 - 1 50 - 50
Mizoram 1 - 1 100 - 100
Nagaland - - - - - -
Odisha 8 4 12 1250 700 1950
Pondicherry 2 7 9 380 1150 1530
Punjab 4 6 10 650 775 1425
Rajasthan 16 8 24 2900 1300 4200
Sikkim - 1 1 - 50 50
Tamil Nadu 26 26 52 3650 4350 8000
Telangana 11 23 34 1790 3450 5240
Tripura 1 1 2 125 100 225
Uttarakhand 4 2 6 525 300 825
Uttar Pradesh 26 31 57 3278 4250 7528
West Bengal 20 6 26 3150 850 4000

If we analyze the distribution of MBBS Seats in India, we find that Southern part of India is having maximum no of seats followed by West, North, and East in that order. Due to less availability of seats and more number of Applicants in  UP and Bihar, cut off of always goes on higher side in comparison to Kerala and Tamil Nadu. For further clarity, here is the graphic representation of the number of MBBS Seats in each Indian state:

51% Government medical colleges ( 155 out of  306 ) and 38% Private Medical College ( 115 out of  301) were established in the last 10 years. This number is around  45% of the total medical colleges in India. In last 5 Years total 19 Thousand Seats added which is  26% of Total Seats whereas almost 5.5 Lacs more aspirants took NEET which is more than  42% ! Because of gap in number of aspirants and Seats availability it is a distant dream to become Doctor from a Govt Medical college in India.

YEAR MBBS Colleges MBBS Seats No of NEET
(in Lacs)
Chances of MBBS
Seat (Govt.
Med Colleges)
Chances of MBBS
Seat (Govt. + Pvt
Med Colleges)
Govt Pvt Total Govt Pvt Total
2017 218 232 450 35870 34290 70160 11.4 3.14% 6.16%
2018 227 237 464 37140 35040 72180 13.3 2.79% 5.44%
2019 245 242 487 39385 35890 75275 15.2 2.59% 4.95%
2020 279 254 533 42735 37640 80375 15.9 2.67% 5.03%
2021 285 269 554 43335 39840 83175 16.1 2.69% 5.16%
2022 306 301 607 45125 45990 91115 18.7 2.41% 4.86%

As only 45 thousand students get Govt seats in India against 18.7 Lacs appeared in NEET Exam Success Ratio is only 2.41%. If we add 46 thousand Private Seats with budget of 70 Lacs- 1.5Cr then still it becomes less than 5%, which is not at all affordable for a Middle Class Family. Those who could not secure Govt Seat and not having budget of 70 Lacs they still can become doctor from a Govt/ Public University from Abroad. These programs are English taught, within budget of 20-30 Lacs and approved by NMC and other Medical Bodies across the Global like ECFMG/WHO. And, surprisingly 18000+ students opt for MBBS through this route every year which is almost half of the Students getting admission in Govt Medical Colleges in India. You can refer MBBS Abroad page for complete info. 

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Indian Medical Colleges Teaching Experience

Being a Teaching faculty in India you must be have a Post Graduate degree as per NMC norms. Chances of a getting a PG Seat in any Govt Medical College is only 10% ( 1.8 Lacs doctors applied for  15 K Govt Seats Non Clinical and 8K in Clinical in  2022). Average Salaries in Medical College for teaching job makes it unattractive for any MD/MS Doctor. When it comes to educational institutions, it is an established fact that those colleges/universities with a good number of years of experience are always better. They have a strong academic background and well-experienced teachers. 

In the case of the newly established medical colleges, it becomes hard to find the right faculty whose pedagogical abilities are at par with the standards set by NMC. Consequently, as many as 50% of posts of teaching faculty positions in these new medical colleges are vacant which leads to challenges in students’ learning process. 

Fee Structure of MBBS Colleges

Fee is a major factor when choosing a college. The Fee for any Medical Seat in India depends upon multiple factor like is it a Govt College, Private College or deemed University at the same time it also depends upon type of Seat like Government seats, Management seats and NRI seats. Even private medical colleges allocate some seats under government quota and the price is relatively lower than that of management seats in these colleges. The fee for MBBS in India for NRI seats is heavily priced.

In the table below, we are indicating MBBS in India fee structure of various types of medical colleges, viz. Autonomous Institute (AIIMS), Central University College, Deemed University College, Government Medical Colleges and Private Medical Colleges. 

TYPE OF COLLEGE Govt. Seat Management Seat NRI Seat
Autonomous Institutes (AIIMS) Less than 1 Lac N/A N/A
Central Univ. Colleges Less than 1 Lac N/A N/A
Government Medical Colleges 2-4 Lacs N/A 50-75 Lacs
Deemed Colleges 50-60 Lacs 75-90 Lacs 1.25-1.75 CR
Private Medical Colleges 20-40 Lacs 60-70 Lacs 1.25 CR

Indicating Fees are average course fee approved by Fee Regulation commission of respective state for under various Category . It is important to note that there may be other miscellaneous charges also.

You can find the Fees for Govt Seat, Management Seat and NRI Seat for all college in any state by clicking particular state name.

State Wise Fee Structure for Govt, Management and NRI Category
States And
Union Territory
Govt Med College
-Govt Seat
Govt Med College
-Manag. Seat
Govt Med College
-NRI Seat
Pvt Med College
-Govt Seat
Pvt Med College-
Manag. Seat
Pvt Med College-
NRI Seat
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 6.6          
Andhra Pradesh 1.8     2.7 54.0 162.0
Arunachal Pradesh 1.1          
Assam 1.3          
Bihar 1.1     51.7 72.4 106.4
Chandigarh 1.2   87.0      
Chattisgarh 4.6     18.9 36.5 126.1
Dadra And Nagar Haveli 3.0          
Delhi 2.6     26.4 67.5 131.6
Goa 5.9   44.7      
Gujarat 13.7 50.7 75.0 37.6 64.3 106.3
Haryana 7.6   76.4 50.0 62.3 126.5
Himachal Pradesh 6.4   72.0 43.5 73.4 153.5
Jharkhand 1.1     68.9 75.7 183.5
Karnataka 4.0     17.6 56.0 160.3
Kerala 1.8     38.3 66.4 121.1
Madhya Pradesh 5.5     60.6 61.4 152.9
Maharashtra 5.0     42.6 70.4 188.5
Manipur 0.4          
Meghalaya 0.5          
Mizoram 4.4          
Odisha 2.3     54.0 70.4 144.8
Punjab 8.8   87.0 35.3 48.5 131.5
Rajasthan 2.7 35.2 93.0 83.9 127.9 116.4
Tamil Nadu 1.3     27.6 67.4 117.0
Telangana 1.8     6.9 64.1 128.4
Tripura 5.5     20.3 52.9 110.3
Pondicherry 7.9   71.7 40.1 87.5 106.3
Uttar Pradesh 2.1 79.4 92.9   72.5 80.5
Uttarakhand 14.2     68.5 75.5 86.6
West Bengal 1.7     20.1 74.0 154.4

NEET-UG Exam Dates 2022

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will coundcut  the NEET (UG) 2022 examination on Sunday, 17 July 2022 in pen & paper mode. The examination will serve as a uniform entrance examination for MBBS admission and other stream like BDS/ BAMS/ BSMS/ BUMS/ BHMS and other undergraduate medical courses.

You can find the tentative date for NEET UG 2022 Exam

EVENT Date NEET 2022
NEET exam notification 6th April
NEET 2022 application form date by NTA 6th April
Last date to submit NEET 2022 application form  20th May
NEET UG 2022 Admit Card
Release Date
1st/2nd Week Jul
NEET 2022 Exam Date 17th July
NEET 2022 Result 7th Sept
Announcement of Counseling Dates 3rd Week of Sept
Commencement of All India Counseling  1st Week of Oct


NEET UG Exam Pattern 2022

In view of the COVID-19 pandemic, NTA introduced some changes to the NEET UG  2022 exam pattern. The changes involve dividing the NEET subjects into 2 sections (see table below). Furthermore, it has provided flexibility to the students to choose a number of questions that he/she can answer. It is expected that same may be continued as NEET UG Exam pattern for 2022 also by NTA .

Mode of NEET question paper Pen and Paper-based (candidates are given an OMR sheet to mark the answers with a black/blue ballpoint pen)
Duration of the NEET exam 3 hours
Language or Medium of Exam English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu
Question Type Multiple Choice Questions
Total Number of Questions asked in NEET 2022 The number of total questions in the NEET 2022 exam is 200 but aspirants have to attempt only 180 questions.5 Qus will be optional in each subjects
NEET marking scheme 2022 4 marks will be awarded for each right answer, One mark will be deducted for each wrong answer


Subjects No. of questions To be Attempted by the candidate Section-wise Marks
Physics 50 45 180
Chemistry 50 45 180
Botany 50 45 180
Zoology 50 45 180
Total Qus 200 180 720




Counselling Rounds Expected Dates
Announcement of Counseling Dates 3rd /4th Week Sept
Commenemnet of All India Cousnelling-Round-1 1st Week of Oct'2022
Commenemnet of All India Cousnelling-Round-1     3rd Week of Oct'2022
State Cousnelling - Round-1/Round-2/Mop Up Round/Stray Round 4th Week of Oct'2022- 3rd Week of Nov'2022

Eligibility to participate in NEET-UG Counseling

NMC has defined 2 criteria which must be met for medical college admissions in India every year and same to be followed in 2022. These 2 criteria are score obtained in 12th Standard or equivalent grade and the NEET (UG)  2022 score.  

12th Standard Eligibility criteria

The candidate applying for NEET (UG) 2022 must have passed 10+2 or equivalent grade in science stream and have Biology (or Bio-technology), Physics and Chemistry as main subjects. The candidate must score a minimum of 50% marks in case he/she belongs to unreserved category, 45% marks in case of OBC category and 40% marks in case of SC/ST category. Moreover, the candidate must have completed age of 17 years by 31st of December of the year of enrollment.

NEET-UG 2022 Cut Off 

Like previous years, the NEET (UG) Cut off for qualification will be 50 percentile for candidates from General category. Often the candidates confuse percentage with percentile system in this exam. 

Please find the table below indicating Actual NEET UG cut off for 2020 and 2021 and Expected NEET 2022 Cut off

Category Cutoff Percentile 2020 ( Actual) 2021 ( Actual) 2022 ( Actual)
General 50th percentile 147 138 117
SC/ST/OBC 40th percentile 113 108 93
General (PwD) 45th percentile 129 122 105
SC/ST/OBC (PwD) 40th percentile 113 108 93

Seat Allocation Rounds in Counseling Process

Round – 1 – This is the main counseling Registration which will be inclusive of payment of registration fee (Non-refundable) and Security Deposit (Refundable). 

Round – 2 – This round is meant for candidates who appeared in round-1 and could not get any allotted seat. The candidates do not have to register again in such a case. However, there are fresh registrations in Round – 2 for those candidates who did not appear for Round – 1. 

Mop – Up Round – This round is intended only for Deemed/ Central Universities: ESIC, AIIMS & JIPMER.

Stray Vacancy Round –Stray Vacancy Round is intended for Deemed/Central Universities, AIIMS & JIPMER. There is no fresh registration for this round.

Eligibility and Deposits for Counseling

In the table below, we present precise Deposit amounts and Eligibility to participate in various counseling rounds.

Sr. No. Round Free Exit Exit with Ineligible for further counseling Amount of registration
forfeiture of fees Fee (security deposit )
1. AIQ Round – 1/Deemed Yes - - -
2. AIQ – 2/Deemed - If not joined If joined Government – Rs. 10,000 (half for SC/ST/OBC)
Deemed – Rs. 2,00,000
3. State Quota Round – 1 Yes - - -
4. State Quota Round – 2 - If not joined If joined Government – Rs. 10,000 (half for SC/ST/OBC)
Private – Rs. 1,00,000
5. State Quota Mop-up Round  - - If joined -
6. Deemed Mop-Up Round - - If joined -

All India Counseling 2022

The MBBS Seat matrix 2022 available under All India Counseling System in India is given below:

College Type No. of seats available for All India Counseling 2022
Autonomous Institute (AIIMS) 1899
Central Universities Colleges 319
State Govt. College 6780
Deemed Univ. College 6652
Private Medical College 0
Total Seats 15650

Below are illustrated the seats that are offered to candidates applying through All India Counseling

  • 15% All India Quota seats MBBS/ BDS Seats of States (except Jammu & Kashmir)
  • 100% MBBS/ BDS Seats of BHU
  • 100% MBBS Seats of AIIMS across India
  • 100% JIPMER seats
  • 100% AMU
  • 85% of State Quota seats of DU/ I.P University (VMMC/ ABVIMS/ESIC Dental) for Delhi State
  • 100% -Faculty of Dentistry (Jamia Milia Islamia) along with 5% internal Quota of Jamia students
  • 15% IP quota seats of ESIC

Reservation in All India counseling 2022

A very important aspect that you, as an aspirant, need to understand is the policy of Reservation in force when it comes to admission through NEET UG. The Central Government’s Reservation Policy governs the norms of reservation for all seats to be filled in the All India counseling process. However, it may be different for various categories of Institutes like Autonomous, Central University Colleges, Deemed University Colleges and All India Quota.

The reservation policy currently in force for AIQ is –
1. SC – 15%
2. ST – 7.5%
3. OBC – 27% (Non-Creamy Layer)
4. PwD (Person with Disabilities) – 5% Horizontal Reservation
5. EWS – 10%

To check if your caste or community is eligible for reservation under All India Quota, refer to the links below


NEET UG State Counseling 2022

All Indian States conduct NEET UG Counseling for MBBS admission in India for medical colleges present within their respective territories, of course, with exceptions (AIIMS, JIPMER, Deemed Univ. Colleges and few central Univ. Colleges). On the whole, there are more than 490 colleges (Govt. and private combined) that participat in NEET UG State Counseling  2022. Summing it up, NEET UG State Counseling  2022 will decide the allocation of  74465  total MBBS seats under various rounds. 

In the table below, we present the numbers MBBS seats that fall under different sorts of medical colleges:

College Type  MBBS Seats under State Counseling
Autonomous Institute (AIIMS) 0
Central Universities Colleges 1035
State Govt College 38355
Deemed Univ College 0
Private Medical College 35075
Total Seats 74465

Reservation Policy in State Counseling 2022

The seat allocation of any medical college is subject to the All India Rank obtained by the candidate in the NEET UG exam. Another factor influencing the prospects of seat allocation is the caste & category of the candidate applying. The central govt. has defined its reservation criteria for seats allocated via All India Counseling. Likewise, the constitutional law enables the Indian states as well to implement their own reservation criteria for allotment of seats via state quota.

As a result, a candidate belonging to a particular caste or category is likely to fall into different reservation categories during central and state Counseling procedures. To provide equal opportunities in the society, some states may also provide special reservations on the basis of geographical location, the minority status of a community, minority status on the basis of language, armed force personnel dependents, etc. Such cases have been observed in states like Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and so on. Many states also reserve seats for female candidates in categories mentioned above like Telangana, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, etc. There are also seats reserved for candidates hailing from PwD (Person with Disabilities) Quota.

Therefore, it becomes important for candidates to determine their caste or community as per their state domicile. You can check the applicable reservation policy in any state for State Counseling Seat by clicking the state name.

Your Chance to Get a MBBS Seat

The most difficult time for any of the students is to wait after NEET till the counseling process to know whether he/she is getting a college of his/her choice or not? Sometime this dilemma continues for couple of months due to multiple rounds of counseling. It has become more difficult due to parallel counseling of All India Quota and various States due to COVID-19. The counseling process is very complex where  600+ Govt. and Private colleges offer  91000+ Seats and fee variation is also huge that ranges from less than 1 Lac to 2.5 Cr for the course.

Dreams shatter when any silly mistake in choice filling or wrong selection of college leads to getting a poor ranked college. Imagine getting paid seats or no seats at all due to lack of genuine guidance!

MOKSH AI-based MBBS college predictor predicts your chances of getting an MBBS seat in Medical colleges in All India Counseling NEET UG  2022 and State Counseling NEET-UG 2022 under various Seat categories like Govt., Management or NRI Seat. For assessing your chances of getting a seat, the MOKSH Predictor algorithm takes categories/sub category or various Quotas into consideration as per Govt. regulations. It also takes into account historical data published by the Medical Counseling Committee (MCC) or State Dept. responsible for counseling of the respective state.

Download the NEET Predictor

Need to be Specialist or just MBBS is enough? 

Every MBBS student realizes during their Graduation that MBBS Degree is just a basic degree and without a PG degree it’s very difficult for them to sustain. There is stiff competition for Medical PG after MBBS degree due to major gap between Passing MBBS Graduates and available PG Seats in Govt Medical Colleges. Currently 436 Medical colleges offer PG courses (MD/MS/Diploma) and the total 38 thousand seats are available in clinical and non-clinical streams (13K in Govt and 25K in private College) While 4,400+ seats in 179 colleges offering super specialty under DM/MCH programs. Fees for Medical PG in Govt College is around 2-5 Lacs where it costs around 1 Cr to 3Cr in Private Medical College or Deemed University depending upon chosen Specialty and College teaching Experience. Looking for Medical PG in USA (USMLE) is now days very popular among medical students due to less competitive arena (chances to get Medical PG in USA is much higher than getting PG Seat in India!). There are many other advantages like only merit based selection, Opportunities to work in world Class healthcare System, Very high income. You come to know your chances to get the Medical PG in US during your MBBS! Do you know Medical PG in USA is not only free but you also earn 30-35 Lacs INR salary during the PG course? For detailed information, you can refer our Medical PG in USA (USMLE) page Know More

Medical PG in India/NEXT

During MBBS study, a student realizes importance of being a specialist. They also understand the competitiveness to secure MD/MS Seat in Govt College. If we look the success ratio to get PG in Govt Medical College which is 11%Broadly we can say that only 1 out of 10 will get PG Seat whereas chances of getting Clinical specialty is 1 out of 20 applicants. It is obvious that PG journey is going to be very difficult or else student should have enough money to get the paid seat in Pvt Medical College which may be in Crores!

Total Applicants NEET PG 2021 Specialty Govt Med College Pvt Med College
Seats Success Ratio Seats
1.75 Lacs
MD (Non Clinical) 15K 8.6% 10K
MS ( Clinical) 8K 4.6% 5K
Total 23K 11.4% 15K

Do you feel early preparation and right mentorship will pave your dream of become specialist?

NMC already notified the introduction of NEXT Exam in India from 2023. This exam will replace all Medical PG exams in India. Exam will be conducted in two parts NEXT-1 and NEXT-2. The objective of the NEXT-1 is to assess the student’s knowledge for Pre, Para and Clinical subjects on National Level. Only post qualifying of NEXT-1 any Medical student will be eligible for Internship. Post completion of internship Students need to go thru NEXT-2 which will assess their Clinical skills, Patient Management and Keeping of Medical history. Those who will Clear NEXT-2 awarded license to practice and Rankers of NEXT-1 will be get PG seats of their Choice. You may refer Page for detailed information on NExT Exam

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We are well aware about difficulty of getting PG in India. With the introduction of NEXT, maximum students in India are getting attracted to USMLE prep from 1st year of MBBS since it simulates the new NMC Competency-based curriculum much easily. US Healthcare system is considered as one of the Best health care system because of numerous reasons like High rewards, excellent infrastructure, Merit based assessment, Open opportunities for Super specialties. Most of the countries trying to replicate US health care assessment system for their Medical Graduates USMLE exam are divided in 3 Parts. One can appear in USMLE Step 1 after 2nd Year, USMLE Step 2 CK during internship and Step-3 during your residency (Medical PG). The USMLE is an online exam and can be taken at the PROMETRIC centers present across India.

MOKSH Coaching focuses on patient centered learning approach which helps students score high on both USMLE & NEXT.MOKSH is the leading name in USMLE Coaching. Currently, 1000+ Students from Indian and Abroad medical colleges are preparing for USMLE steps via MOKSH Platform.

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Medical PG IN UK (PLAB)

Till 2024, the Professional & Linguistic Assessments Board Test (PLAB test) is the instrument to assess the skills and knowledge of an International Medical Graduate. It also judges whether she is fit to be trained to practice medicine in the UK. 

In short, an IMG's performance in PLAB determines her eligibility to practice in the UK.The PLAB test has two stages. PLAB 1 is an exam that has 180 MCQs that tests your recall. On the other hand, PLAB 2 is a practical OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Exam) that tests your clinical skills.

The GMC ascertains your linguistic skills by assessing your score in specific tests. It may be the IELTS (Band Score 7.0 or higher) or OET (Grade B in reading, writing, listening & speaking). 
After you pass PLAB 1 & 2, you apply for the GP registration. There is one constraint. You have a window of 2 years after clearing PLAB 2 during which you may apply no later.

By 2024, the UK Medical Licensing Assessment will replace the PLAB. The COVID pandemic has resulted in a major change that has affected life everywhere and at every level. 
Especially the healthcare sector has faced unprecedented pressure. Consequently, the GMC UK is going to change certain things in PLAB and create the UKMLA exam.

Medical PG in GERMANY

PG in Germany after MBBS in India is another great option, though it requires you to learn the German language. Of the 6 levels starting from A1 to C2, you need to clear A1 and A2 that would qualify you to apply for visa. 

Once the Language formalities are done, you get into the phase where you do Observer-ship from a German hospital approved by the German Medical Council. This is followed by Residency.

This may sound simple here but the process is quite complicated. To know more about PG in Germany after your MBBS in India,

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