The Govt of India has restructured the entire Medical Education system in India which was very essential to bring uniformity. So, as a part of this revamping, the NEET UG Exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) replaced the former AIPMT exam in 2017. It took almost 5 years of hearings of multiple petitions by the Supreme Court to eventually scrap off the AIPMT exam. Currently, the aspirants get the seats in medical colleges for MBBS and Dental on the basis of his/her rank in the NEET UG exam.
Change in Medical Colleges Footprint from 2014 to 2022
- Medical Colleges & MBBS Seats Availability
- MBBS Seats Trends (last 5 Years)
- Private Medical Colleges in India Vs MBBS Abroad
- Indian Medical Colleges Teaching Experience
- Fee Structure of MBBS Colleges
- Important Dates for NEET-UG 2023
- NEET UG Exam Pattern 2023
- NEET- UG Counselling 2023
- Your Chance to Get a MBBS Seat
- Medical PG in India (NExT)
- Medical PG IN USA (USMLE)
- Medical PG in UK (PLAB)
- Medical PG in GERMANY
Medical Colleges and MBBS Seats Availability
Currently, there are more than 607 Indian medical colleges in India. Among these, 306 are Government medical colleges, and the remaining 301 are private Medical Colleges. In these colleges, total seats for Academic Year 2022-2023 are more than 91000, if we further bifurcate, 45 thousands seats are held by the government medical colleges and the remaining 46 thousands seats in private medical colleges. In the last 10 years solely, 250 medical colleges in India have been established which account for nearly 40% of the total Medical Colleges. Karnataka has the highest count of MBBS seats among all Indian states with 9345 MBBS seats followed by Maharashtra (9000), Tamil Nadu (8000), and so on. You can refer the table given below for detailed information
If we analyze the distribution of MBBS Seats in India, we find that Southern part of India is having maximum no of seats followed by West, North, and East in that order. Due to less availability of seats and more number of Applicants in UP and Bihar, cut off of always goes on higher side in comparison to Kerala and Tamil Nadu. For further clarity, here is the graphic representation of the number of MBBS Seats in each Indian state
|State/Union Territory||Total MBBS Colleges||Total MBBS Seats|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||1||-||1||100||100|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli||1||-||1||150||-||150|
|Daman & Diu||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Jammu & Kashmir||8||1||9||985||100||1085|
MBBS Seats Trends in last 5 Years
51% Government medical colleges ( 155 out of 306 ) and 38% Private Medical College ( 115 out of 301) were established in the last 10 years. This number is around 45% of the total medical colleges in India. In last 5 Years total 19 Thousand Seats added which is 26% of Total Seats whereas almost 5.5 Lacs more aspirants took NEET which is more than 42% ! Because of gap in number of aspirants and Seats availability it is a distant dream to become Doctor from a Govt Medical college in India.
As only 45 thousand students get Govt seats in India against 18.7 Lacs appeared in NEET Exam Success Ratio is only 2.41%. If we add 46 thousand Private Seats with budget of 70 Lacs- 1.5Cr then still it becomes less than 5%, which is not at all affordable for a Middle Class Family. Those who could not secure Govt Seat and not having budget of 70 Lacs they still can become doctor from a Govt/ Public University from Abroad. These programs are English taught, within budget of 20-30 Lacs and approved by NMC and other Medical Bodies across the Global like ECFMG/WHO. And, surprisingly 18000+ students opt for MBBS through this route every year which is almost half of the Students getting admission in Govt Medical Colleges in India.
|YEAR||MBBS Colleges||MBBS Seats||No of NEET
|Chances of MBBS
|Chances of MBBS
Seat (Govt. + Pvt
Private Medical Colleges in India Vs MBBS Abroad
There are numerous benefits to the MBBS Abroad over study at Private Medical College in India. You can refer to the below table to understand the values we fetch in MBBS Abroad on various critical parameters, that are crucial before deciding the right path
|Key Parameter||MBBS Abroad||Private Medical College|
|University Type||Public & Private Both||Only Private|
|World Ranking||Available||Not Available|
|Recognition||WHO, WFME, ECFMG, US GMC,UK etc||NMC and very few international recognition|
|Teaching Experience||Up to 200 Years||Mostly up to 10 Years|
|Tuition Fee 5/6 Years||3-5 Lacs/Year(Affordable)||8-15 Lacs/Year(Expensive)|
|Global Exposure||Very High, Students from across world||No Exposure|
|Teaching Methodology||Small Groups of 15-20 Students in each batch, Test after every Conceptual Class||100-150 students in a batch|
|Grading of Academics||Mostly European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)||University Level, CBME|
|Opportunities for Global Medical PG||US, CANADA, Gulf Region, UK and other European Countries incl India||Primarily India|
|Patient Interaction||Moderate to High||Very Less|
|Affiliated Hospitals||Multiple Hospitals for different speciality||College Hospital only|
You can refer to our mbbs abroad page for more info.
Indian Medical Colleges Teaching Experience
Being a Teaching faculty in India you must be have a Post Graduate degree as per NMC norms. Chances of a getting a PG Seat in any Govt Medical College is only 10% ( 1.8 Lacs doctors applied for 15 K Govt Seats Non Clinical and 8K in Clinical in 2022). Average Salaries in Medical College for teaching job makes it unattractive for any MD/MS Doctor. When it comes to educational institutions, it is an established fact that those colleges/universities with a good number of years of experience are always better. They have a strong academic background and well-experienced teachers.
In the case of the newly established medical colleges, it becomes hard to find the right faculty whose pedagogical abilities are at par with the standards set by NMC. Consequently, as many as 50% of posts of teaching faculty positions in these new medical colleges are vacant which leads to challenges in students’ learning process.
Fee Structure of MBBS Colleges
Fee is a major factor when choosing a college. The Fee for any Medical Seat in India depends upon multiple factor like is it a Govt College, Private College or deemed University at the same time it also depends upon type of Seat like Government seats, Management seats and NRI seats. Even private medical colleges allocate some seats under government quota and the price is relatively lower than that of management seats in these colleges. The fee for MBBS in India for NRI seats is heavily priced.
In the table below, we are indicating MBBS in India fee structure of various types of medical colleges, viz. Autonomous Institute (AIIMS), Central University College, Deemed University College, Government Medical Colleges and Private Medical Colleges.
|TYPE OF COLLEGE||Govt. Seat||Management Seat||NRI Seat|
|Autonomous Institutes (AIIMS)||Less than 1 Lac||N/A||N/A|
|Central Univ. Colleges||Less than 1 Lac||N/A||N/A|
|Government Medical Colleges||2-4 Lacs||N/A||50-75 Lacs|
|Deemed Colleges||50-60 Lacs||75-90 Lacs||1.25-1.75 CR|
|Private Medical Colleges||20-40 Lacs||60-70 Lacs||1.25 CR|
Indicating Fees are average course fee approved by Fee Regulation commission of respective state for under various Category . It is important to note that there may be other miscellaneous charges also.
You can find the Fees for Govt Seat, Management Seat and NRI Seat for all college in any state by clicking particular state name.
|State Wise Fee Structure for Govt, Management and NRI Category (in lacs)|
|States And Union Territory||Govt Med College -Govt Seat||Govt Med College -Manag. Seat||Govt Med College -NRI Seat||Pvt Med College -Govt Seat||Pvt Med College- Manag. Seat||Pvt Med College- NRI Seat|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||6.6|
|Dadra And Nagar Haveli||3.0|
Important Dates for NEET-UG 2023
The National Testing Agency (NTA) coundcuted the NEET (UG) 2022 examination on Sunday, 17 July 2022 in pen & paper mode. The examination served as a uniform entrance examination for MBBS admission and other stream like BDS/ BAMS/ BSMS/ BUMS/ BHMS and other undergraduate medical courses.
You can find the tentative date for NEET UG 2023 Exam
|EVENT||NEET 2022 (Actual)||Expected Date NEET 2023|
|NEET exam notification||6th April||15th Dec 2022|
|NEET application form date by NTA||6th April||March 23|
|Last date to submit NEET application form||20th May||April 23|
|NEET UG Admit Card Release Date||1st/2nd Week Jul||1st Week of May 2023|
|NEET Exam Date||17th July||7th May 2023|
|NEET Result||7th Sept||1st Week of Jul 2023|
NEET UG Exam Pattern 2023
|Mode of NEET question paper||Pen and Paper-based (candidates are given an OMR sheet to mark the answers with a black/blue ballpoint pen)|
|Duration of the NEET exam||3 hours|
|Language or Medium of Exam||English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu|
|Question Type||Multiple Choice Questions|
|Total Number of Questions asked in NEET||The number of total questions in the NEET exam is 200 but aspirants have to attempt only 180 questions.5 Qus will be optional in each subjects|
|NEET marking scheme||4 marks will be awarded for each right answer, One mark will be deducted for each wrong answer|
|Subjects||No. of questions||To be Attempted||Section-wise Marks|
NEET- UG Counselling 2023
|Counselling Round||NEET-UG Counselling 2022 (Actual)||NEET-UG Counselling 2023 (Expected)|
|Announcement of Counselling Dates||3rd Week of Oct 2022||3rd Week of Aug 2023|
|Result of All India Counselling Round-1/Round-2||1st/3rd Week of Nov 2022||1st Week/3rd Week of Sep 2023|
|Result of All India Counselling Mop Up and Stray Round||4th Week of Nov/1st Week of Dec 2022||4th Week of Sep/1st Week of Oct 2023|
Eligibility to participate in NEET-UG Counselling
NMC has defined 2 criteria which must be met for medical college admissions in India every year and same to be followed in 2023. These 2 criteria are score obtained in 12th Standard or equivalent grade and the NEET (UG) 2023 score.
12th Standard Eligibility criteria
The candidate applying for NEET (UG) 2023 must have passed 10+2 or equivalent grade in science stream and have Biology (or Bio-technology), Physics and Chemistry as main subjects. The candidate must score a minimum of 50% marks in case he/she belongs to unreserved category, 45% marks in case of OBC category and 40% marks in case of SC/ST category. Moreover, the candidate must have completed age of 17 years by 31st of December of the year of enrollment.
NEET-UG 2023 Cut Off
Like previous years, the NEET (UG) Cut off for qualification will be 50 percentile for candidates from General category. Often the candidates confuse percentage with percentile system in this exam.
Please find the table below indicating Actual NEET UG cut off for 2021 and 2022 and Expected NEET 2023 Cut off
|Category||Cut-off Percentile||NEET-UG 2021 Cut-off
|NEET-UG 2022 Cut-off
|NEET-UG 2023 Cut-off
|General (PwD)||45th percentile||122||105||110|
|SC/ST/OBC (PwD)||40th percentile||108||93||98|
Seat Allocation Rounds in Counselling Process
- Round – 1 – This is the main Counselling Registration which will be inclusive of payment of registration fee (Non-refundable) and Security Deposit (Refundable).
- Round – 2 – This round is meant for candidates who appeared in round-1 and could not get any allotted seat. The candidates do not have to register again in such a case. However, there are fresh registrations in Round – 2 for those candidates who did not appear for Round – 1.
- Mop – Up Round – This round is intended only for Deemed/ Central Universities: ESIC, AIIMS & JIPMER.
- Stray Vacancy Round –Stray Vacancy Round is intended for Deemed/Central Universities, AIIMS & JIPMER. There is no fresh registration for this round.
Eligibility and Deposits for Counselling
In the table below, we present precise Deposit amounts and Eligibility to participate in various Counselling rounds.
|Sr. No.||Round||Free Exit||Exit with||Ineligible for further Counselling||Amount of registration|
|forfeiture of fees||Fee (security deposit )|
|1.||AIQ Round – 1/Deemed||Yes||-||-||-|
|2.||AIQ – 2/Deemed||-||If not joined||If joined||Government – Rs. 10,000 (half for SC/ST/OBC)
Deemed – Rs. 2,00,000
|3.||State Quota Round – 1||Yes||-||-||-|
|4.||State Quota Round – 2||-||If not joined||If joined||Government – Rs. 10,000 (half for SC/ST/OBC)
Private – Rs. 1,00,000
|5.||State Quota Mop-up Round||-||-||If joined||-|
|6.||Deemed Mop-Up Round||-||-||If joined||-|
All India Counselling 2023
The MBBS Seat matrix 2023 available under All India Counselling System in India is given below
|College Type||No. of seats available for All India Counselling 2023|
|Autonomous Institute (AIIMS)||1899|
|Central Universities Colleges||319|
|State Govt. College||6780|
|Deemed Univ. College||6652|
|Private Medical College||0|
Below are illustrated the seats that are offered to candidates applying through All India Counselling
- 15% All India Quota seats MBBS/ BDS Seats of States (except Jammu & Kashmir)
- 100% MBBS/ BDS Seats of BHU
- 100% MBBS Seats of AIIMS across India
- 100% JIPMER seats
- 100% AMU
- 85% of State Quota seats of DU/ I.P University (VMMC/ ABVIMS/ESIC Dental) for Delhi State
- 100% -Faculty of Dentistry (Jamia Milia Islamia) along with 5% internal Quota of Jamia students
- 15% IP quota seats of ESIC
Reservation in All India Counselling 2023
A very important aspect that you, as an aspirant, need to understand is the policy of Reservation in force when it comes to admission through NEET UG. The Central Government’s Reservation Policy governs the norms of reservation for all seats to be filled in the All India Counselling process. However, it may be different for various categories of Institutes like Autonomous, Central University Colleges, Deemed University Colleges and All India Quota.
The reservation policy currently in force for AIQ is –
- SC – 15%
- ST – 7.5%
- OBC – 27% (Non-Creamy Layer)
- PwD (Person with Disabilities) – 5% Horizontal Reservation
- EWS – 10%
To check if your caste or community is eligible for reservation under All India Quota, refer to the links below
NEET UG State Counselling 2023
All Indian States conduct NEET UG Counselling for MBBS admission in India for medical colleges present within their respective territories, of course, with exceptions (AIIMS, JIPMER, Deemed Univ. Colleges and few central Univ. Colleges). On the whole, there are more than 490 colleges (Govt. and private combined) that participat in NEET UG State Counselling 2023. Summing it up, NEET UG State Counselling 2023 will decide the allocation of 74465 total MBBS seats under various rounds.
In the table below, we present the numbers MBBS seats that fall under different sorts of medical colleges:
|College Type||MBBS Seats under State Counselling|
|Autonomous Institute (AIIMS)||0|
|Central Universities Colleges||1035|
|State Govt College||38355|
|Deemed Univ College||0|
|Private Medical College||35075|
Reservation Policy in State Counselling 2023
The seat allocation of any medical college is subject to the All India Rank obtained by the candidate in the NEET UG exam. Another factor influencing the prospects of seat allocation is the caste & category of the candidate applying. The central govt. has defined its reservation criteria for seats allocated via All India Counselling. Likewise, the constitutional law enables the Indian states as well to implement their own reservation criteria for allotment of seats via state quota.
As a result, a candidate belonging to a particular caste or category is likely to fall into different reservation categories during central and state Counselling procedures. To provide equal opportunities in the society, some states may also provide special reservations on the basis of geographical location, the minority status of a community, minority status on the basis of language, armed force personnel dependents, etc. Such cases have been observed in states like Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and so on. Many states also reserve seats for female candidates in categories mentioned above like Telangana, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, etc. There are also seats reserved for candidates hailing from PwD (Person with Disabilities) Quota.
Therefore, it becomes important for candidates to determine their caste or community as per their state domicile. You can check the applicable reservation policy in any state for State Counselling Seat by clicking the state name.
Your Chance to Get a MBBS Seat
The most difficult time for any of the students is to wait after NEET till the Counselling process to know whether he/she is getting a college of his/her choice or not? Sometime this dilemma continues for couple of months due to multiple rounds of Counselling. It has become more difficult due to parallel Counselling of All India Quota and various States due to COVID-19. The Counselling process is very complex where 600+ Govt. and Private colleges offer 91000+ Seats and fee variation is also huge that ranges from less than 1 Lac to 2.5 Cr for the course.
Dreams shatter when any silly mistake in choice filling or wrong selection of college leads to getting a poor ranked college. Imagine getting paid seats or no seats at all due to lack of genuine guidance!
MOKSH AI-based MBBS college predictor predicts your chances of getting an MBBS seat in Medical colleges in All India Counselling NEET UG 2022 and State Counselling NEET-UG 2022 under various Seat categories like Govt., Management or NRI Seat. For assessing your chances of getting a seat, the MOKSH Predictor algorithm takes categories/sub category or various Quotas into consideration as per Govt. regulations. It also takes into account historical data published by the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) or State Dept. responsible for Counselling of the respective state.Download the NEET Predictor
Need to be Specialist or just MBBS is enough?
Every MBBS student realizes during their Graduation that MBBS Degree is just a basic degree and without a PG degree it’s very difficult for them to sustain. There is stiff competition for Medical PG after MBBS degree due to major gap between Passing MBBS Graduates and available PG Seats in Govt Medical Colleges. Currently 436 Medical colleges offer PG courses (MD/MS/Diploma) and the total 38 thousand seats are available in clinical and non-clinical streams (13K in Govt and 25K in private College) While 4,400+ seats in 179 colleges offering super specialty under DM/MCH programs. Fees for Medical PG in Govt College is around 2-5 Lacs where it costs around 1 Cr to 3Cr in Private Medical College or Deemed University depending upon chosen Specialty and College teaching Experience. Looking for Medical PG in USA (USMLE) is now days very popular among medical students due to less competitive arena (chances to get Medical PG in USA is much higher than getting PG Seat in India!). There are many other advantages like only merit based selection, Opportunities to work in world Class healthcare System, Very high income. You come to know your chances to get the Medical PG in US during your MBBS! Do you know Medical PG in USA is not only free but you also earn 30-35 Lacs INR salary during the PG course? For detailed information, you can refer our Medical PG in USA (USMLE) pageKnow More
Medical PG in India or NEXT
During MBBS study, a student realizes the importance of being a specialist. They also understand the competitiveness to secure MD/MS Seat in Govt College. If we look at the success ratio to get PG in Govt Medical College which is 11% Broadly we can say that only 1 out of 10 will get PG Seat whereas the chances of getting a Clinical specialty is 1 out of 20 applicants. It is obvious that the PG journey is going to be very difficult or else students should have enough money to get the paid seat in Pvt Medical College which may be in Crores!
|Total Applicants NEET PG 2021||Specialty||Govt Med College||Pvt Med College|
|MD (Non Clinical)||15K||8.6%||10K|
Do you feel early preparation and the right mentorship will pave your dream of becoming a specialist?
NMC already notified the introduction of the NEXT Exam in India from 2023. This exam will replace all Medical PG exams in India. The exam will be conducted in two parts NEXT-1 and NEXT-2. The Objective of the NEXT-1 is to assess the Student’s Knowledge of Pre, Para, and Clinical Subjects on the National Level. Only post-qualifying of NEXT-1 any Medical student will be eligible for an Internship. Post completion of the internship Students needs to go thru NEXT-2 which will assess their Clinical skills, Patient Management, and Keeping of Medical history. Those who will clear NEXT-2 are awarded a license to practice and Rankers of NEXT-1 will get PG seats of their choice. You may refer to Page for detailed information on the Next Exam.
Medical PG in USA (USMLE)
We are well aware of the difficulty of getting a PG in India. With the introduction of NEXT, maximum students in India are getting attracted to USMLE prep from 1st year of MBBS since it simulates the new NMC Competency-based curriculum much more easily. US Healthcare system is considered one of the best health care systems because of numerous reasons like High rewards, excellent infrastructure, Merit-based assessment, Open opportunities for Super specialties. Most of the countries trying to replicate the US health care assessment system for their Medical Graduates USMLE exam are divided into 3 Parts. One can appear in USMLE Step 1 after 2nd Year, USMLE Step 2 CK during an internship, and Step-3 during your residency (Medical PG). The USMLE is an online exam and can be taken at the PROMETRIC centers present across India.
MOKSH Coaching focuses on a patient-centered learning approach which helps students score high on both USMLE & NEXT. MOKSH is the leading name in USMLE Coaching. Currently, 1000+ Students from Indian and Abroad medical colleges are preparing for USMLE steps via the MOKSH Platform.Know More
Medical PG IN UK (PLAB)
Till 2024, the Professional & Linguistic Assessments Board Test (PLAB test) is the instrument to assess the skills and knowledge of an International Medical Graduate. It also judges whether she is fit to be trained to practice medicine in the UK.
In short, an IMG's performance in PLAB determines her eligibility to practice in the UK.The PLAB test has two stages. PLAB 1 is an exam that has 180 MCQs that tests your recall. On the other hand, PLAB 2 is a practical OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Exam) that tests your clinical skills.
The GMC ascertains your linguistic skills by assessing your score in specific tests. It may be the IELTS (Band Score 7.0 or higher) or OET (Grade B in reading, writing, listening & speaking).
After you pass PLAB 1 & 2, you apply for the GP registration. There is one constraint. You have a window of 2 years after clearing PLAB 2 during which you may apply no later.
By 2024, the UK Medical Licensing Assessment will replace the PLAB. The COVID pandemic has resulted in a major change that has affected life everywhere and at every level.
Especially the healthcare sector has faced unprecedented pressure. Consequently, the GMC UK is going to change certain things in PLAB and create the UKMLA exam.
Medical PG in Germany
PG in Germany after MBBS in India is another great option, though it requires you to learn the German language. Of the 6 levels starting from A1 to C2, you need to clear A1 and A2 which would qualify you to apply for the visa.
Once the Language formalities are done, you get into the phase where you do Observer-ship from a German hospital approved by the German Medical Council. This is followed by Residency.
This may sound simple here but the process is quite complicated. To know more about PG in Germany after your MBBS in India,