The various kinds of medical residency and residency length are noted down below. Among these are some specialties that offer advanced fellowship training after you are done with your residency (usually 1-3 years). You may take into consideration the Green Book (AMA Graduate Medical Education Directory) for the official requirements and the length of the advanced fellowship training. Here you will observe that the residency length of the more competitive specialties is more while that of less competitive ones is comparatively less. The internal medicine residency length is 3 years whereas the general surgery residency length is as high as 5 years. Likewise, the pediatrics residency length is 3 years but the plastic surgery residency length is 6 years.




3 Years + PG year 1 for Preliminary

Family Medicine

3 Years


7 Years

Obstetrics / Gynaecology

4 Years


3 Years +PG year 1 for Preliminary


3 Years +PG year 1 for Preliminary

Orthopedic Surgery

5 Years ( includes 1 year for General Surgery)


4 Years


3 Years


3 Years +PG year 1 for Preliminary

General Surgery

5 Years

Emergency Medicine

3-4 Years

Internal Medicine

3 Years


5 Years


5 Years ( includes 1 year for General Surgery)

Radiation Oncology

4 Years +PG year 1 for Preliminary

Radiation Diagnostics

4 Years +PG year 1 for Preliminary

Physical Medicine

3-4 Years


4 Years

Plastic Surgery

6 Years

Transitional / Preliminary

1 Year

* NOTE – The residency length mentioned above is the minimum years of Post-Graduation training in order to gain eligibility for the Board certification.


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